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Home > People > Faculty > Voorhees, Carolyn

Carolyn Voorhees
Research Associate Professor
SPH 1242X


PhD, Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health
MS, University of Michigan
BS, University of Michigan

Courses Taught

HTLH/WMST 471: Women's Health
HLTH 200: Research Methods for Community Health
HLTH 300: Biostatistics for Public Health Practice

Research Focus

  • High risk adolescent/young adult Physical Activity and Obesity
  • Focus on multilevel factors (neighborhood, social and policy)

Selected Publications (within last 10 years)

Yan F, Voorhees CC, Zhang G, Beck KH, Huang S, Wei H. A multilevel investigation on the socio-demographic and urban neighborhood effects on out of school physical activity among inner city minority adolescents. American Journal of Health Studies. 2011 26(3):121-130.

Clifton KJ, Akar G*, Livi-Smith A*, Voorhees CC. Gender differences in adolescent travel to school: exploring the links with physical activity and health. Transportation Research Board. 2011. 46(2): 203-212.

Voorhees CC, Ye C, Carter-Pokras O, Kanomori M*, Zhang G, PacPherson L, Chen L*.Peers, tobacco advertising and second hand smoke incluences smoking initiation in diverse adolescents. 2011. Jan-Feb;25(3):e1-11. American Journal of Health Promotion.

Eyler A, Lankford T, Chriqui J, Evenson KR, Kruger J, Tompkins N, Voorhees C, Zieff S, Aytur S, Brownson R. An analysis of state legislation on community trails. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 2010, 7(Suppl 1), S40-S47.

Steinman L, Doesher M, Levinger D, Perry C, Carter L, Eyler A, Aytur S, Cradock A, Evenson KR, Heinrich K, Kerr J, Litt J, Severcan Y, Voorhees C. Master plans for Pedestrian and Bicycle Transportation: Community Characteristics. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2010. 7(Suppl 1). S60-S66.

Ries AV*, Voorhees CC, Gittelsohn J. An exploration of environmental barriers and facilitators of physical activity among urban African American youth. (In press 2010) Journal of Children, youth and the environment.

Voorhees CC, Ashwood SA, Evenson K, Sirard J, Dowda M, McKenzie T. Rung A. Community Design and Perceptions-Relationship with Adolescent, School-Based Active Commuting. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2009 Dec 14 [epub ahead of print]. PMID: 20019628.

Yan AF*, Voorhees CC, Clifton KJ, Burnier C. "Do you see what I see?" - Correlates of multidimensional measures of neighborhood forms and perceived physical activity-related neighborhood barriers and facilitators for urban youth. Preventive Medicine. 2009 Sept 30 [epub ahead of print]. PMID: 19799931.

Ries AV*, Voorhees CC, Roche KM, Gittelsohn J, Yan AF, & Astone NM. A quantitative examination of park characteristics related to park use and physical activity among urban youth. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2009. 45(3 suppl)S64-70. PMID: 19699439.

Voorhees CC, Catellier D, Ashwood S, Cohen D, Conway T, Dowda M, Lytle L, Bedimo-Rung A. Neighborhood socioeconomic status and non school physical activity and body mass index in adolescent girls. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2009 6, 731-740. PMC Journal - In Process. PMID 20101916.

Ries AV*, Gittelsohn JG., Voorhees CC, Roche K, Clifton K, Astone, N. The environment and urban adolescents' use of recreational facilities for physical activity: A qualitative study. American Journal of Health Promotion. 2008. Sept-Oct; 23(1):43-50.

Ries AV*, Voorhees CC , Gittelsohn J, Roche KM, Astone N. Perceptions of the Environment and Physical Activity: Gender Differences among African American Adolescents. American Journal of Health Behavior. 2008. 32(1), 26-39.

Awarded Kinesiology Department, University of Maryland School of Public Health, Best Student Paper of the Year Award.

Kuo J*, Voorhees CC, Haythornthwaite JA, Young DR. Associations among family support, family intimacy and neighborhood crime with physical activity in urban adolescent girls. Am J Public Health. 2007 Jan. 97(1):101-3.

Dowda M, McKenzie T, Cohen D, Scott M, Evenson KR, Bedimo-Rung A, Voorhees CC, Almeida J. Commercial venues as supports for physical activity in adolescent girls. Preventive Medicine. 2007. Aug-Sept; 45(2-3); 163-8.

Evenson KR, Scott MM, Cohen DR, Voorhees CC. Association of Girl's Perception of neighborhood factors on physical activity, sedentary behavior, and adiposity. Obesity. 2007 Feb. 15(2):430-45.

Evenson KR, Birnbaum AS, Bedimo-Rung aL, Sallis JF, Voorhees CC, Ring K, Elder JP. Girls' perception of physical environmental factors and transportation: reliability and association with physical activity and active transport to school. In J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2006 Sep 14;3:28.

Rushowich BR. Voorhees CC, Davis E, Neumark-Sztainer D. Elder JP, Going S, Marino VG. The relationship between unsupervised time after school and physical activity in adolescent girls. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2006 Jul 31;3:28.

Kimm SYS, Glynn NW, McMahon RP, Voorhees CC, Streigel-Moore R, Daniels SR. Barriers to physical activity in a biracial cohort of sedentary adolescent girls. Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise, 38(3)534-540. 2006.

Cohen D, Ashwood S, Scott M, Overton A, Evenson K, Voorhees CC, Bedimo-Rung A, McKenzie T. Proximity to School and Physical Activity among middle school girls. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 1, S124-133. 2006.

Dishman R, Motl R, Sallis J, Dunn A, Birnbaum AS, Voorhees CC, Jobe J. Self-Management strategies mediate self-efficacy and physical activity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2005 Jul;29(1):10-8.

Birnbaum AS, Evenson KR, Motl RW, Dishman RK, Voorhees CC, Sallis JF, Elder JP, Dowda. Assessing school climate for girls physical activity. American Journal of Health Behavior. 2005 May-Jun:29(3):250-7.

Voorhees CC Murray DM, Welk G, et al. The role of peer social network factors and physical activity in adolescent girls. American Journal of Health Behavior. 2005 Mar-Apr;29(2):183-9.

Voorhees CC and Young DR. Personal, Social and Physical Environmental Correlates of Physical Activity Levels in Young, Urban Latinas. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2003 25(3)61-67.

Young DR and Voorhees CC. Associations among sociocultural and environmental factors and physical activity level in Urban African American Women. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2003 25(3)38-44.

Voorhees CC, Schreiber GB, Schumann BC, Biro F, Crawford PB. Early predictors of daily smoking in young women: The NHLBI Growth and Health Study. Preventive Medicine 2002(34): 616-624.

Monographs, Reports, and Extension Publications

Ries AV, Yan AF, Voorhees CC. The neighborhood recreational environment and physical activity among urban youth: an examination of public and private recreational facilities. J Community Helath. 2011 Aug:36(4):640-9.

O'neill A*, Yan AF, Lee S, Voorhees CC,. The relationship between weather variables and physical activity in urban adolescents. (In press 2011) Environment and Behavior.

Voorhees CC, Yan F*, Clifton K, Wang MQ. How does neighborhood built environment influence physical activity in urban youth? Evaluating a structural model of walking behavior pathways among African American adolescents. American Journal of Health Behavior. 2011 Nov: 35(6)674-88.

Carter-Pokras O, Ye C*, Voorhees C, Valliant R, Zhang G, Kanamori M, Wallen J, Fielder R. (2008). Report on Disparities in Tobacco Use Behaviors by Middle and High School Minority Youth in Maryland, 2006. College Park, Maryland: University of Maryland College Park School of Public Health. Report prepared for the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene under contract OPASS-8-9738G.

Recent Grants

Maryland Department of Transportation (MDOT),Maryland School Administrators Study exploring walk/bike to school policies, PI

National Institutes of Health (NHLBI), Preventing Decline in Physical Activity in Adolescent Girls, Co-PI

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Environmental influences on physical activity, and obesity in African American adolescents -- a multilevel perspective, Co-PI

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation , The relationship among availability of healthy foods, body mass index and dietary patterns in urban adolescents, Co-PI/mentor

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Adolescent physical activity in an Urban environment, PICC

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Environmental Influences on the Use of Recreational Facilities for Physical Activity among Urban African American Youth, Co-PI/Mentor

Career Highlights

  • 2009 career achievement award University of Michigan


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